Share Trading | Mutual Fund | SIP
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. Examples of the latter include shares of private companies which are sold to investors through equity crowdfunding platforms. Stock exchanges list shares of common equity as well as other security types, e.g. corporate bonds and convertible bonds.
A mutual fund is a professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase securities. These investors may be retail or institutional in nature. Mutual funds have advantages and disadvantages compared to direct investing in individual securities. The primary advantages of mutual funds are that they provide economies of scale, a higher level of diversification, they provide liquidity, and they are managed by professional investors. On the negative side, investors in a mutual fund must pay various fees and expenses.
In SIP(Systematic Investment Plans), a fixed amount of money is debited by the investors in bank accounts periodically and invested in a specified mutual fund. The investor is allocated a number of units according to the current Net asset value. Every time a sum is invested, more units are added to the investors account. The strategy claims to free the investors from speculating in volatile markets by Dollar cost averaging. As the investor is getting more units when the price is low and less units when the price is high, in the long run, the average cost per unit is supposed to be lower. SIP claims to encourage disciplined investment. SIP's are flexible, the investors may stop investing a plan anytime or may choose to increase or decrease the investment amount. SIP is usually recommended to retail investors who do not have the resources to pursue active investment. SIP investment is a good choice for those investors who do not possess enough understanding of financial markets. The benefits of SIP is it reduces the average cost of units purchased, as well as consistent investment, ensures that no opportunity is missed arising out of the market